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Citizens of the Classroom: Appropriating Bernstein for Women in Higher Education

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In this article I argue that despite a growing rate for women taking up university places, women are still unable to claim full citizenship of higher educational institutions, where little recognition is given to the lifelong learning that develops through women’s lives. I explore ways in which women learn to occupy places of citizenship in university classrooms, whilst arguing that to be recognized as a citizen is not to own the rules of citizenship. In exploring these issues, I use and develop a framework set out by Basil Bernstein in his work Pedagogy. Symbolic Control and Identity (Bernstein, 1996).

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Birkbeck College, University of London

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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