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The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same: Women’s Education in India and Pakistan

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In August 1997, India and Pakistan celebrated 50 years of independence from British rule. The present article is an examination of their performance in making economic and educational opportunities available to disadvantaged classes, especially women, in the last 50 years. The article argues that the traditional power discourse in society influences policy and curriculum issues as well as access to education. It analyses social and cultural obstacles that women face in accessing education. The study highlights the complex nature of the problem involving the scarcity of economic resources, political apathy, and social and cultural attitudes that hinder women’s access to education.

Keywords: India; Pakistan; educational policy; inequalities; power discourse; women’s education

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of Memphis

Publication date: 2001-01-01

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