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Evaluation of the Foot Arches in Ballet Dancers

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Abstract:

This study was carried out to assess changes in the foot arches of young ballet dancers that may arise from training. Twenty-one ballet dancers (age: 17.00 ± 1.18 years) were evaluated for rise or fall in the plantar longitudinal and transverse arches. The assessment methods used were determination of the height-length ratio for the plantar arch and diameter measurements made with a caliper at the level of the metatarsal heads for the transverse arch, under weight-bearing and nonweight-bearing conditions. The results were compared with those attained from a control group of 21 non-dancers (age: 17.52 ± 1.21 years) with sedentary life style. The evaluation showed that there was a rise in the longitudinal arch with a concomitant fall in the transverse arch in ballet dancers. The results were significantly different from the control group (p < 0.05). The findings also correlated with evaluations made by assessing depression in the navicular tubercle in relation to the Feiss' line and podoscopic observations.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hacettepe University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, 06100 Samanpazari, Ankara, Turkey 2: Hacettepe University, School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Samanpazari, Ankara, Turkey

Publication date: 1997-12-01

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