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The influence of anoxia and substrate availability on N2O cycling by denitrification in the upper boundary of the oxygen minimum zone off northern Chile

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Strong accumulations of N2O at oxyclines are some of the most conspicuous features of the world's oceans. However, the origin of these maxima, and the relative contribution of nitrification and denitrification in N2O cycling, remains unclear. In order to gain insight into the importance of denitrification and factors regulating N2O cycling at upper oxyclines in the eastern South Pacific, the production and consumption of N2O by denitrification were measured using a classical acetylene method under induced anoxia with the addition of an electron acceptor (nitrite) and donors (sodium acetate and glucose). The results indicated that decreased O2 clearly affected the ratio in which N2O is reduced to N2 at the midoxycline (∼40 m depth) and at the oxycline's base (∼80 m depth). Under induced anoxia, higher N2O production (from NO 2 to N2O of 67.2 nM d–1) occurred at 40 m depth, with half of the total quantity being consumed by denitrification (from N2O to N2 of 32 nM d–1); conversely, 100% of the N2O was reduced to N2 at 80 m depth. In comparison with previously reported results at the base of the oxycline at an offshore station, the addition of NO 2 (as sodium nitrite) along with dissolved organic carbon (as sodium acetate and glucose) doubled the net N2O production by denitrification (∼20 nM d–1). Our results suggest that decreasing O2 levels along with an increased availability of NO 2 and organic compounds in the upper oxycline may impact the N2O/N2 ratio and, therefore, the N2O efflux to the atmosphere.
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Keywords: DENITRIFICATION; EASTERN SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN; NITROUS OXIDE; OXYCLINE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2015-11-01

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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