South Atlantic overturning circulation at 24°S

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.


To estimate the size of the meridional overturning circulation and the meridional heat and freshwater transports in the South Atlantic, we made a new transatlantic hydrographic section along 24°S in 2009 and we compare the resulting transports with those estimated for a historical section made in 1983. For the two sections, the overturning is estimated to be 21.5 Sv (2009) or 16.5 Sv (1983), the heat transport is northward at 0.7 PW (2009) or 0.4 PW (1983), and the freshwater transport is small but northward at 0.04 Sv (2009) or 0.17 Sv (1983). The differences in transports are primarily due to the different strengths of the southward Brazil Current transport during the occupation of the sections, 4.9 Sv (2009) or 12.3 Sv (1983). The freshwater transport associated with the meridional overturning circulation is estimated by two different methods for each of the two sections and is always southward ranging from –0.09 Sv to –0.34 Sv which means that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation transports freshwater southward at 24°S. On the basis of theoretical studies, such southward freshwater transport at the southern boundary of the Atlantic Ocean means that the present Atlantic circulation has multiple equilibrium states, and that the one it occupies at present may be unstable to a sufficiently large freshwater event.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more