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Water-mass transformation in the shelf seas

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Abstract:

The rate at which water masses are transformed from one density class to another is assessed in the shelf seas using the Walin (1982) framework. For a tidal-mixing front, the transformation is estimated using air-sea density fluxes and the diapycnal mixing diagnosed from a series of one-dimensional mixed layer models running across the shelf. These transformation rates diagnosed from the air-sea fluxes and diapycnal mixing agree with volume changes diagnosed directly from the model. The transformation from air-sea fluxes reaches a maximum amplitude typically twice that provided by diffusive mixing. This framework is extended to estimate the rate at which nutrients are converted in nutrient space including the effects of biological consumption. The transformation in density and nutrient space are broadly related in the spring when there is a relatively tight relationship between density and nutrient concentrations. For a shelf-break front in the Celtic Seas, the transformation is estimated from a combination of observed air-sea fluxes, remotely-sensed sea surface temperature and ship-based measurements of density and turbulent mixing. The transformation is controlled by diapycnal mixing along dense surfaces and by air-sea fluxes for lighter surfaces, and each contribution reaches comparable magnitudes over a six-month period.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1357/002224010793721442

Publication date: 2010-03-01

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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