If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Seasonal dynamics of the depth and rate of anaerobic oxidation of methane in Aarhus Bay (Denmark) sediments

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

Abstract:

A reactive-transport model has been applied to investigate the dynamics of the sulfate-methane transition zone (SMTZ) in nearshore sediments of Aarhus Bay (Denmark). The sediments are influenced by seasonal variations of temperature and particulate organic carbon (POC) deposition flux at the sediment-water interface. Initially, the model was calibrated at steady state using field data collected at two sites (M1 and M5) in December 2004, and included a dynamic gas phase which determines the depth of the SMTZ. Simulations were then performed under transient conditions of heat propagation in the porous medium, which influenced the solubility of gaseous methane, the diffusion of solutes as well as the kinetic and bioenergetic constraints on redox conditions in the system. Results revealed important variations in local rates of anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) over a seasonal cycle due to temperature variation. Seasonal perturbations in POC depositional flux had no influence on AOM rates but did have a strong bearing on sulfate reduction rates in the surface layers of the simulations at both stations. At M5, where the SMTZ was located 63 cm below the sediment-water interface, depth integrated AOM rates varied between 76 and 178 nmol cm-2 d-1. At M1, where the deeper SMTZ (221 cm) experienced less thermal variation, AOM rates varied relatively less (20 to 24 nmol cm-2 d-1). Furthermore, local and depth-integrated AOM rates over the year did not show a simple response to bottom water temperature but exhibited a hysteresis-type behavior related to time lags in solute transport and heat propagation. Overall, the solute concentration profiles were not very sensitive to the seasonal variability in rates or gas transport and the modeled vertical displacement of the SMTZ was limited to <1 cm at M1 and 2–3 cm at M5. The results suggest that the significantly larger apparent displacement observed in the field from repeated coring (80 cm and 16 cm at M1 and M5, respectively) must be attributed to other factors, of which spatial heterogeneity in gas transport rate appears to be the most likely.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224008784815775

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more