Skip to main content

Free Content Deep ocean experiments with fossil fuel carbon dioxide: Creation and sensing of a controlled plume at 4 km depth

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 1008.5908203125 kb)
 

Abstract:

The rapidly rising levels of atmospheric and oceanic CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels has lead to well-established international concerns over dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. Disposal of captured fossil fuel CO2 either underground, or in the deep ocean, has been suggested as one means of ameliorating this problem. While the basic thermoladynamic properties of both CO2 and seawater are well known, the problem of interaction of the two fluids in motion to create a plume of high CO2/low pH seawater has been modeled, but not tested. We describe here a novel experiment designed to initiate study of this problem. We constructed a small flume, which was deployed on the sea floor at 4 km depth by a remotely operated vehicle, and filled with liquid CO2. Seawater flow was forced across the surface by means of a controllable thruster. Obtaining quantitative data on the plume created proved to be challenging. We observed and sensed the interface and boundary layers, the formation of a solid hydrate, and the low pH/high CO2 plume created, with both pH and conductivity sensors placed downstream. Local disequilibrium in the CO2 system components was observed due to the finite hydration reaction rate, so that the pH sensors closest to the source only detected a fraction of the CO2 emitted. The free CO2 molecules were detected through the decrease in conductivity observed, and the disequilibrium was confirmed through trapping a sample in a flow cell and observing an unusually rapid drop in pH to an equilibrium value.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1357/0022240053693860

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more