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Spatial variations in nutrient utilization, production and diagenesis in the sediments of a coastal upwelling regime (NW Africa): Implications for the paleoceanographic record

Authors: Martinez, Philippe; Bertrand, Philippe; Calvert, Stephen E.; Pedersen, Thomas F.; Shimmield, Graham B.; Lallier-Vergès, Elisabeth; Fontugne, Michel R.

Source: Journal of Marine Research, Volume 58, Number 5, 1 September 2000 , pp. 809-835(27)

Publisher: Sears Foundation for Marine Research

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Abstract:

A biogeochemical study of recent (multicores) sediments of the northwest African slope was undertaken to understand how the sediment composition varies with respect to the location of core sites relative to the centers of coastal upwelling, and how this has affected the palaeoceanographic record. Sedimentary organic carbon contents are inversely correlated with the nitrogen isotopic composition (15N), high Corganic concentrations and low 15N occurring at proximal (shallow) sites and the opposite at distal (deep) ones. These spatial differences are interpreted to result from higher relative nutrient utilization and a decrease in production as waters are advected offshore from the zone of upwelling. Highest Corganic contents also correlate positively with highest concentrations of redox-sensitive elements (U, Mo and S) that are fixed diagenetically in the sediments.

These results suggest that the sedimentary regime at a fixed position depends on the spatial location of the productive areas relatively to a given core site. Downcore records of Zr/Al, Ti/Al, mean grain size of the terrigenous fraction, 15N, Corganic , biogenic Ba, U, Mo and sulfur at a single site on the slope are interpreted to reflect glacial-interglacial changes in the core location relative to the coastline (sea-level effect), and hence changes in production as the area of coastal upwelling moved on- and offshore as sea-level changed, as well as undoubtedly changes in upwelling intensity through wind forcing. Further studies are needed to fully understand the interrelationships of all these processes, which are required for building more reliable paleoceanographic-paleoclimatic records.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224000321358927

Publication date: September 1, 2000

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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