Skip to main content

Free Content Larval settlement in turbulent pipe flows

Download Article:


In two experiments, larval settlement was studied within a series of pipes, each containing steady, turbulent, flowing seawater. The study was designed to determine effects of flow (speed, turbulence intensity and wall shear stress) and surface orientation on rates of settlement of larvae of various taxa, and to relate variability in patterns of settlement among orientations and flows to the concomitant variability expected in rates of larval supply or delivery to the pipe walls. Patterns of settlement of all five taxa (the barnacle Balanus spp., the mussel Mytilus trossulus, the serpulid polychaete Pseudochitinopoma occidentalis, the cyclostome bryozoan Tubulipora sp., and the terebellid polychaete Eupolymnia heterobranchia) generally conformed to predicted patterns of larval supply to pipe walls (the larval transport flux). Within each taxon results were consistent in the two experiments. For these taxa, the transport fluxes that most closely matched observed settlement fluxes were predicted by assuming that larvae exhibited average speeds of advection (by swimming or sinking) of comparatively low magnitude. These best-fit larval speeds are consistent with results from previous studies of larval swimming. However, some results indicate that settlement patterns also were affected significantly by processes operating after larval contact with pipe walls. In several instances settlement patterns exhibited a strong and significant effect of wall orientation that varied in intensity with flow speed in a manner not predictable from expected patterns of larval supply. The probable causes for this effect and statistical interaction vary among taxa, but in all cases involve consideration of the habitat, behavior or success of the post-settlement, benthic individual.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more