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Free Content Nonlinear limits to ocean thermal structure

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Abstract:

The nonlinear volume changes associated with diffusion and mixing of different seawater types produce significant conversions of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy to maintain and enhance mixing processes and to limit the magnitudes of temperature gradients that can persist in the ocean. Several examples are given to illustrate these critical temperature gradients beyond which conversion exceeds local energy consumption by mixing.

The vertical temperature gradients in the Gulf Stream reduce downstream from Cape Hatteras to the critical limit found in the North Atlantic thermocline. The limiting gradients are also seen in surface thermoclines and in "staircase" structures. Although the theoretical interpretation of the nonlinear limiting processes is still incomplete, the observational evidence is compelling for further study of these mechanisms.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224098321667378

Publication date: July 1, 1998

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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