If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Free Content Deep circulation in the tropical North Atlantic

 Download
(PDF 2,635.5kb)
 
Download Article:

Abstract:

A transatlantic CTD/ADCP (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth/Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) section along 11N, taken in March 1989, has been used to compute geostrophic velocities; geostrophic transport is required to balance in situ values of the Ekman and shallow boundary current transports. The horizontal flow structure is described for eight layers, with particular emphasis on deep and bottom waters (four layers below  = 4.7°C). In the shallow layers, total North Brazil Current (NBC) transport agrees with other observations previously made in the month of March, while net northward flow of these layers across the western basin is also consistent with recent observations to the north. For each of the four deep layers, circulation patterns are illustrated by means of schematic cartoons. Each of these layers flows southward in the Deep Western Boundary Current, which has a magnitude of 26.5 Sv. Roughly half of this flow returns northward to the west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, confirming the existence of a hypothesized cyclonic recirculation gyre in the western basin of the tropical Atlantic. To varying degrees the deep and bottom waters also circulate cyclonically in the eastern basin, with net northward flow across this basin.

Partly as a result of the unusual appearance of the North Equatorial Countercurrent in March 1989, the in situ values of the meridional overturning cell (5.2 Sv), heat flux (3.0 × 1014 W), and freshwater flux (−0.65 Sv) computed from the 11N section depart significantly from estimates of these quantities in the literature. By forcing the 11N geostrophic velocities to balance annual average Ekman and NBC transports, annual average values of these fluxes (12 Sv; 11 × 1014 W; −0.6 Sv) are obtained, and are shown to agree well with historical estimates.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/0022240933223909

Publication date: November 1, 1993

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more