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Free Content Low-density particles as potential nitrogenous foods for benthos

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Abstract:

The demonstrated bias of both macrobenthos and fluids to mobilize low-density particles leads to their potential importance as nutritional materials in benthic systems. We fractionated sediments from three coastal regions into low- and high-density separates, and examined both their organic geochemical characteristics and effects on ingestion rates of a deposit feeder. The low-density separates were highly enriched in total organic matter relative to the high-density phases. Enzymatically hydrolyzable protein concentrations in low-density separates were as much as 57-fold higher than the corresponding high-density separates, though some samples from Puget Sound and the Mediterranean Sea showed no enrichment at all. Low-density phases without nutritional enrichments were usually composed of woody debris. In spite of the organic richness of the low-density phase, it makes up no more than a minor fraction of either total sedimentary organic matter or its nutritional component. Addition of anomalously high concentrations of low-density materials to sediments caused a deposit-feeding spionid polychaete to reduce ingestion rates.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/0022240933223738

Publication date: May 1, 1993

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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