Skip to main content

Free Content The climatological seasonal circulation of the Mediterranean Sea

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 1253.779296875 kb)
 

Abstract:

The horizontal circulation of the upper 800 m of the Mediterranean Sea is calculated from a seasonal climatological hydrographic data set using a simple inverse model. The results show a fairly steady surface circulation in the western Mediterranean and a somewhat stronger seasonal signal in the surface circulation of the eastern Mediterranean. The deep flow field can be calculated for most of the Mediterranean, except for the Levantine basin east of Crete, where the high noise level in the data masks the deep circulation. The calculated deep velocity field (below 500 m) shows some interesting features, including several steady cyclonic gyres in the West Mediterranean and in the Ionian basin of the East Mediterranean. In particular, the path of Levantine Intermediate water from the straits of Sicily toward the straits of Gibraltar is found to be along the Sardinian, French and then Spanish and Majorca coasts, and not directly along the African coast. The robustness of the inverse model results for the deep velocity field is demonstrated by examining several variations of the model (with and without mixing, different initial reference levels, etc). The model also calculates long- and cross-isopycnal mixing coefficients for the temperature and salinity but the error bars calculated for these parameters are large, and they are found not to be significantly different from zero.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1357/002224091784995783

Publication date: 1991-08-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more