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Free Content Spatial and temporal variability of cadmium in Gulf Stream warm-core rings and associated waters

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Seawater samples were collected and analyzed for cadmium during four cruises studying Gulf Stream warm-core rings and associated waters. Warm-core ring (WCR) 82-B was sampled in April (approximately two months after formation), in June (after seasonal stratification), and in August (during its interaction with the Gulf Stream). The September–October cruise studied closure and separation of a meander that formed ring 82-H. The depth of the cadmium maximum varied with the depth of the main thermocline; the maximum occurred at a potential temperature of 7.8 ± 0.5°C and sigma-theta 27.4 ± 0.05 in the Slope Water, Gulf Stream, and Sargasso Sea stations. As the upper 100 m of the ring progressed from vertically well-mixed in April to seasonally stratified in June, the mole-ratios of cadmium/nutrient removal in the mixed layer were similar to the calculated slopes of the linear regressions of cadmium with phosphate, nitrate and silicate calculated from spatial distributions. Lateral mixing processes near the boundaries of WCR 82-B markedly influenced the vertical cadmium distribution via intrusions of Shelf/Slope water containing elevated levels of cadmium. Comparison of ASV-labile and total dissolvable cadmium from the August WCR 82-B station indicated essentially 100% ASV-labile cadmium in the waters within and below the main thermocline but non-detectable (<0.010 nmol kg−1) ASV-labile cadmium in the waters above the thermocline.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 February 1987

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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