Skip to main content

Free Content Regulation of phytoplankton communities by physical processes in upwelling ecosystems

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 819.6962890625 kb)
 

Abstract:

Sinking rates of particles were superimposed on the x-z-t current field observed at 15S off the coast of San Juan, Peru in March–May, 1977 to calculate particle trajectories in the upwelling circulation. Vertical velocities were calculated by a modified variational objective analysis technique using the measured onshore and longshore currents in conjunction with the physical constraint of mass continuity. The calculated vertical flow showed considerable temporal and spatial variability, with the mean vertical transport varying by two orders of magnitude over the 16 km wide continental shelf. Changes in direction occurred rapidly (within 24 h) as has been observed for horizontal circulation in this region. The vertical velocity of water was much greater than the sinking rates of particles during the 52 day period, so that the net vertical transport of particles was controlled by the vertical velocity of the water. Reseeding of sinking particles from the surface offshore-flowing layer into the deeper onshore flow could not be demonstrated for this period, which may explain why the measured biomass and primary productivity were anomalously low in 1977. Vertical mixing greatly increased the possibility of reseeding by transporting material downward into the onshore flow. We suggest that recirculation of particles may normally occur in the Peruvian upwelling system, but that the continuity probably involves movement in the longshore as well as the cross-shelf direction.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1357/002224083788519777

Publication date: 1983-08-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more