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Free Content Light-shade adaptation and vertical mixing of marine phytoplankton: A comparative field study

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Abstract:

The hypothesis is examined that the recent light history of phytoplankton contains information about vertical mixing processes in the euphotic zone. Chlorophyll/P700 ratios are used to estimate the degree of light or shade adaptation in natural phytoplankton communities. Along with information about the time- and light-dependent rates of change of chlorophyll/P700 ratios, a model is presented to estimate how recently populations at the surface were at the 1% light depth and vice versa. The model is based on first-order kinetics and employs a temperature correction. The model is used to estimate vertical displacement rates (i.e., piston velocities) on Georges Bank, in the New York Bight, and off the coast of Hawaii. The results suggest that vertical displacement rates vary by about two orders of magnitude (from ca 3.8 × 10−3 cm/sec to 1.1 × 10−1 cm/sec). These values are in general agreement with theoretical calculations based on physical parameters.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224083788520199

Publication date: May 1, 1983

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  • The Journal of Marine Research publishes peer-reviewed research articles covering a broad array of topics in physical, biological and chemical oceanography. Articles that deal with processes, as well as those that report significant observations, are welcome. In the area of biology, studies involving coupling between ecological and physical processes are preferred over those that report systematics. Authors benefit from thorough reviews of their manuscripts, where an attempt is made to maximize clarity. The time between submission and publication is kept to a minimum; there is no page charge.
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