A Risk Analysis of Cancer Care in Norway: The Top 16 Patient Safety Hazards
Abstract:Background: Cancer care processes represents a number of potential threats to patient safety. A national risk analysis of Norwegian cancer care, entailing diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, palliative care, and terminal care, was conducted.
Methods: Literature review and a retrospective analysis of hazards in different national databases were combined with interviews with key health personnel in an attempt to identify 50 possible hazards. A project team from the Norwegian Board of Health Supervision (NBHS) and 23 other persons participated in the workshop in 2009.
Results: In a stepwise, consensus-driven process, the 23 participants discussed the 50 possible hazards and then selected the 16 that they considered most important—clustered into three groups: diagnosis and primary treatment, interactions, and complications. The NBHS distributed the risk analysis report to a variety of stakeholders and asked Norway's hospital trusts to address the hazards. The report generally met a positive reception, albeit with local and interdisciplinary differences in the extent of the perceived applicability of the respective hazards. Two follow-up studies in 2012 and 2013 showed that the hospital trusts lacked the implementation capacity to identify operational solutions to reduce the hazards. At the largest hospital trust in Norway—Oslo University Hospital—the Department of Oncology retested the national risk analysis in in 2011. Four groups, representing different parts of the patient care process. selected 9 of the 16 national hazards and identified 4 new ones. The department has established goals and appropriate activities for 3 of the hazards.
Conclusions: The Ministry of Health and Care determined that hospital trusts must increase their implementation capacity regarding operational solutions to reduce the hazards.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2013
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