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What Are the Facilitators and Barriers in Physician Organizations' Use of Care Management Processes?

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Abstract:

Background: Care management processes (CMPs) such as disease registries, reminder systems, performance feedback, case management, and self-management education can improve chronic illness care, yet 50% of physician organizations have instituted few if any CMPs.

Methods: Site-visit interviews were conducted with 158 leaders at 15 physician organizations, with 3 organizations (1 large medical group, 1 small medical group, and 1 independent practice association [IPA]) chosen randomly in most cases in each of five communities.

Results: Seven of the 15 organizations had implemented CMPs minimally or not at all. CMPs were most common for diabetes and least common for depression; no IPAs had achieved significant CMP implementation for any of the conditions. The two most commonly mentioned facilitators were strong leadership and organizational culture valuing quality. The top five barriers were poor financial situation, reimbursement that does not reward high quality, inadequate information technology, physician resistance, and physicians being too busy.

Discussion: Strong leadership and a quality-valuing culture are important facilitators of improved chronic care, but if insurers do not reward chronic care improvement, it is unlikely that CMPs will become permanently institutionalized in physician organizations.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Published monthly, The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety is a peer-reviewed publication dedicated to providing health professionals with the information they need to promote the quality and safety of health care. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety invites original manuscripts on the development, adaptation, and/or implementation of innovative thinking, strategies, and practices in improving quality and safety in health care. Case studies, program or project reports, reports of new methodologies or new applications of methodologies, research studies on the effectiveness of improvement interventions, and commentaries on issues and practices are all considered.

    Also known as Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement and Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Safety
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