Remote Order Entry and Video Verification: Reducing After-Hours Medication Errors in a Rural Hospital
Abstract:Background: Hendry Regional Medical Center, a 66bed facility, has 8.5 hours of pharmacy staffing daily. Review of two years of medication errors indicated that 34% of all medication errors involved selection of the wrong drug from stock after pharmacy hours.
Process Changes: During 2003 many changes were implemented in the medication management process to enhance medication safety. For example, a limited-access area of the pharmacy was established for night entry by the nursing supervisor. The hospital then implemented services with a newly licensed remote order-entry service. These steps decreased the rate of errors involving wrong drug selection to 15%. Subsequently, a medication error involving selection of the wrong drug at night prompted another look at the process.
Implementing the Video Verification Process: The hospital began using a webcam to create a digital image of the medication selected for removal from the pharmacy stock by the nursing supervisor. This image is transmitted via e-mail. In six months, only one (recent) error resulting from selection of the wrong medication after normal pharmacy hours occurred; the medication selection process simply was not followed.
Discussion: Results of medication error reporting indicated that using Webcam/e-mail image transmission and video verification by a pharmacist further improved patient safety in the medication selection process.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-08-01
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