Skip to main content

Implementing a Hospitalwide Patient Safety Program for Cultural Change

Buy Article:

$12.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Background: After focus groups revealed that staff perceived a punitive culture, Missouri Baptist Medical Center (MBMC) embarked on a comprehensive patient safety program, which was initially directed at creating a just culture of patient safety.

Interventions: A series of structures, processes, and initiatives were introduced to change the attitudes of management and staff toward human error, to communicate broadly with staff and the community, and to provide feedback on leadership's responses to specific events. All events reported were tracked continuously and recorded each month on a spreadsheet.

Results: Total medical events reported by staff increased significantly (p < .001) from 35 to 132 per 1,000 patient days. Reports to the hotline alone increased significantly (p < .001) from 3 to 23 per 1,000 patient days, and the proportion of callers who left their name increased significantly (p < .001) from 30% to 61%. Survey results from staff showed a small but significant increase in awareness of patient safety and in comfort with reporting.

Conclusion: The implementation of a carefully planned and orchestrated series of interventions designed to improve a hospital's culture of patient safety can, if led by senior hospital executives, lead to a substantial, profound, and lasting increase in error reporting and improvement in employee perceptions of the organization's safety culture.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-08-01

More about this publication?
  • The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety will be published by Elsevier beginning in 2017! For readers who receive access to the journal through their institutions, the journal can now be found on ScienceDirect ( For librarians looking to subscribe to the journal for their institutions please contact your Elsevier Account Manager or visit for more information. All other readers, please visit to subscribe to the journal or to claim your access for an existing subscription.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • Index
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more