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Which Strategies Facilitate Improvement in Quality of Care for Elderly Hospitalized Pneumonia Patients?

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Abstract:

Background: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to elucidate which hospital-based quality improvement (QI) strategies are most effective in facilitating improvement in care for patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Methods: In 1999 telephone interviews were conducted with 29 acute care hospitals in Connecticut regarding their use of QI strategies for 1,234 patients at baseline and 1,081 patients at follow-up.

Results: Hospital-based QI strategies were grouped into two domains of implementation approach (epidemiologic and social influence). Hospitals scoring a 4 in either the epidemiologic or social influence approach (versus a score of ≤ 3) experienced a greater-than-average increase in percentage of patients with blood culture collection within 24 hours of hospital presentation. Hospitals applying all four social influence QI strategies showed a greater-than-average increase in delivery of antibiotics within 8 hours of patients' hospital arrival when compared with all the other hospitals combined.

Discussion: The finding that an increased proportion of patients receiving antibiotics within 8 hours and blood cultures within 24 hours of hospital arrival when the greatest numbers of hospital-based QI strategies were implemented is suggestive of a possible "dose effect" of QI.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: 2004-01-01

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  • The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety will be published by Elsevier beginning in 2017! For readers who receive access to the journal through their institutions, the journal can now be found on ScienceDirect (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/15537250). For librarians looking to subscribe to the journal for their institutions please contact your Elsevier Account Manager or visit www.myelsevier.com for more information. All other readers, please visit http://www.jointcommissionjournal.com/ to subscribe to the journal or to claim your access for an existing subscription.
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