Standardization as a Mechanism to Improve Safety in Health Care
Abstract:Background: A growing body of literature shows that when patterns of care are widely divergent, clinical outcomes suffer and, as a result, safety may be compromised. A multispecialty group at Luther Midelfort, Mayo Health System (LM, MHS) initiated efforts to reduce variance in the clinical practice patterns of providers. The pilot initiative, which entailed standardization of a sliding-scale insulin protocol, served as a template throughout the LM, MHS for reducing variance and enhancing safety.
Standardizing Insulin Administration: A single sliding-scale insulin protocol for regular insulin use in appropriate patients was intended to decrease the number of hypoglycemic events. A six-week comparison revealed that in the protocol-driven standardized sliding-scale insulin group, two episodes of hypoglycemia occurred in 134 dosages administered versus 20 hypoglycemic events in 519 dosages administered in the traditional group (1.49 versus 3.85%, p < .04). Subsequent 30month data months revealed a reduction in hypoglycemic episodes from 2.95% to 1.1%.
Medication Use Problem: A reconciliation of medications initiative focused on clarifying, correcting, and specifying the medications patients were consuming at different intervals of their hospitalization and then amending the data in the medical record. In a seven-month chart audit, errors per 100 admissions decreased from 213 to fewer than 50 errors.
Discussion: Standardization efforts to increase uniformity of practice are worth considering in other practice areas to increase safety and possibly reduce costs.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2004
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- Published monthly, The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety is a peer-reviewed publication dedicated to providing health professionals with the information they need to promote the quality and safety of health care. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety invites original manuscripts on the development, adaptation, and/or implementation of innovative thinking, strategies, and practices in improving quality and safety in health care. Case studies, program or project reports, reports of new methodologies or new applications of methodologies, research studies on the effectiveness of improvement interventions, and commentaries on issues and practices are all considered.
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