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Mindful tutors: Linguistic choice and action demonstration in speech to infants and a simulated robot

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Abstract:

It has been proposed that the design of robots might benefit from interactions that are similar to caregiver–child interactions, which is tailored to children’s respective capacities to a high degree. However, so far little is known about how people adapt their tutoring behaviour to robots and whether robots can evoke input that is similar to child-directed interaction. The paper presents detailed analyses of speakers’ linguistic behaviour and non-linguistic behaviour, such as action demonstration, in two comparable situations: In one experiment, parents described and explained to their nonverbal infants the use of certain everyday objects; in the other experiment, participants tutored a simulated robot on the same objects. The results, which show considerable differences between the two situations on almost all measures, are discussed in the light of the computer-as-social-actor paradigm and the register hypothesis. Keywords: child-directed speech (CDS); motherese; robotese; motionese; register theory; social communication; human–robot interaction (HRI); computers-as-social-actors; mindless transfer

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/is.12.1.06fis

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems
jbp/is/2011/00000012/00000001/art00006
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