Open Access Did successfully treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients undergo all follow-up sputum smear examinations?

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Abstract:

To assess response to anti-tuberculosis treatment as per national guidelines, a retrospective record review was undertaken in four districts of Andhra Pradesh, India, in December 2009 to determine whether pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients reported as successfully treated (cured or treatment completed) underwent all scheduled follow-up sputum smear examinations. In a quarterly cohort of 3000 PTB patients reported as successfully treated, 1847 (61.5%) underwent all follow-up sputum examinations, with a higher proportion of new cases (65%) than retreatment cases (45%). The mid-continuation phase follow-up sputum examinations were commonly missed, and 11% patients had not undergone end-of-treatment follow-up sputum examinations.

Spanish
En diciembre 2009 se llevó a cabo una revisión retrospectiva de los registros de tuberculosis (TB) en cuatro distritos de Andhra Pradesh en la India, con el fin de determinar si todos los pacientes con TB pulmonar (TBP) cuyo desenlace terapéutico se había notificado como exitoso (curación o tratamiento completo) habían cumplido con las baciloscopias de seguimiento programadas para evaluar la respuesta al tratamiento antituberculoso de conformidad con lo estipulado en las directrices nacionales. En una cohorte trimestral de 3000 pacientes con TBP cuyo tratamiento se registró como exitoso, 1847 pacientes (61,5%) contaban con todas las baciloscopias de seguimiento; esta proporción fue más alta en los casos nuevos (65%) que en los casos de retratamiento (45%). Con frecuencia faltaron las baciloscopias previstas en la mitad de la fase de continuación y 11% de los pacientes carecía del examen de esputo correspondiente a la finalización del tratamiento.

French
On a entrepris en décembre 2009 une revue rétrospective des enregistrements dans quatre districts d'Andhra Pradesh en Inde afin de déterminer dans quelle mesure les patients atteints de tuberculose pulmonaire (TBP) signalés comme traités avec succès (guérison ou achèvement du traitement) avaient subi tous les examens de frottis de crachats prévus dans le suivi pour évaluer la réponse au traitement TB conformément aux directives nationales. Dans une cohorte trime- strielle de 3000 patients TBP signalés comme traités avec succès, 1847 (61,5%) avaient subi des examens de crachats du suivi, la proportion étant plus élevée parmi les nouveaux cas (65%) que parmi les retraitements (45%). Les examens de crachats du suivi au milieu de la phase de continuation ont manqué régulièrement et l'examen de crachats du suivi à la fin du traitement n'a pas été appliqué chez 11% des patients.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/pha.11.0013

Publication date: December 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Public Health Action (PHA), The Union's quarterly open access on-line journal, provides a platform for its mission 'Health solutions for the poor'. PHA addresses the need for show-casing operational research that addresses issues in health systems and services. It publishes high-quality scientific research that provides new knowledge to improve access, equity, quality and efficiency of health systems and services.
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  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
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