Implementation of tuberculosis infection prevention and control in Mozambican health care facilities
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of implementation of selected tuberculosis infection prevention and control (TB-IPC) measures.
DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study of TB-IPC implementation in 29 health care facilities, we assessed TB clinics, laboratories, out-patient departments and medical and TB wards. Assessment included selected managerial, administrative and environmental measures and the availability and use of respiratory protective equipment (N95 respirators).
RESULTS: Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of (presumptive) TB patients were not present in all facilities. Staff instructed patients on sputum collection in 91%, but only 4% observed it. Using a pragmatic ‘20% rule', 52% of the rooms assessed had adequate ventilation. Potentially, this could be increased to 76%. Three quarters of the health care workers had N95 respirators. Only 36% knew how to use it correctly.
CONCLUSION: Implementation of TB-IPC measures showed wide variations within health care facilities. Relatively simple measures to improve TB-IPC include the availability of guidelines, opening doors and windows to improve ventilation, and training and support on correct N95 respirator use. However, even relatively simple measures are challenging to implement, and require careful attention in and evaluation of the implementation process.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Health Alliance International, Technical Assistance Unit, Maputo, Mozambique; PHTB Consult, Tilburg, The Netherlands 2: Ministry of Health, Maputo, Mozambique 3: Ministry of Health, Provincial Directorate, Tete, Mozambique 4: Department of Global Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date: 01 January 2015
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
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