Contribution of CD14-159C/T polymorphism to tuberculosis susceptibility: a meta-analysis
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively evaluate the correlation between CD14-159C/T polymorphism and susceptibility to TB.
METHODS: Relevant studies from six English-language databases were searched up to 15 March 2013. Crude odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations.
RESULTS: Eight eligible studies including 3583 subjects were retained for the meta-analysis. T-allele and TT homozygosis might increase TB risk in the overall analysis (T vs. C: OR 1.30, 95%CI 1.03–1.64, P = 0.03 and TT vs. CC+CT: OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.12–2.08, P = 0.01). Similar correlations were observed among human immunodeficiency virus negative subjects. Strong associations were also found between CD14-159C/T and TB in Asians. Asian individuals with the T-allele and the TT genotype had a significantly increased risk of TB (T vs. C: OR 1.46, 95%CI 1.27–1.68, P = 0.00; TT vs. CC: OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.38–2.44, P = 0.00 and TT vs. CC+CT: OR 1.84, 95%CI 1.55–2.19, P = 0.00). No associations were detected in the pulmonary TB and extra-pulmonary TB groups.
CONCLUSION: CD14-159C/T contributes to TB susceptibility; the T-allele and TT homozygosis are potential risk factors, particularly in Asians.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China 2: School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Laiyi Center for Biopharmaceutical R&D, Shanghai, China 3: Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Laiyi Center for Biopharmaceutical R&D, Shanghai, China 4: Shanghai Laiyi Center for Biopharmaceutical R&D, Shanghai, China 5: Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; and Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Publication date: 2013-11-01
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