Correlates of cigarette smoking among university students in Cameroon
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with smoking among university students in Cameroon.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was carried out using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire among a convenience sample of 3000 students from three universities (the Université des Montagnes, and the Universities of Douala and Yaounde 1) in Cameroon; 190 students (5.9%) did not consent to the survey. Socio-demographic characteristics and smoking trends were recorded. Logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for smoking.
RESULTS: Of the students selected, 1862 (62%) were male. The mean age was 23.3 years. We found that 30.1% of students had tried smoking and that 5.6% (n = 168) reported regular smoking. Smoking prevalence among male and female students was respectively 9.5% and 1%. The mean age of smokers was 24.1 years. Only 12.5% of regular smokers were nicotine-dependent. Factors motivating smoking were pleasure, imitation, snobbery and curiosity. In the multivariate analysis, smoking was statistically associated with age, male sex, exposure to friends who smoke and living with smokers.
CONCLUSION: Although the prevalence of smoking found in our study was low, effective tobacco control programmes targeting factors such as age, male sex and peer influence should be implemented in universities. Future studies are needed to evaluate the impact of these interventions.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Internal Medicine, Douala General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon 2: Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Université des Montagnes, Bangangte, Cameroon 3: Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Publication date: 2013-02-01
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