Free Content Molecular characterisation of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from North India

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Abstract:

SETTING: A tertiary care hospital in North India.

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the frequency of mutations associated with resistance to rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and streptomycin (SM) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

DESIGN: M. tuberculosis isolates from 171 pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients (newly diagnosed 102, 59.6%; retreated 69, 40.3%) were analysed. Drug susceptibility testing was performed using the proportion method and resistant isolates were characterised using the polymerase chain reaction, followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism and/or DNA sequencing, to screen for mutations in rpoB, katG, mabA-inhA and rpsL.

RESULTS: Of the 171 isolates, 16.9% (29/171) were multidrug-resistant. Of the 102 newly diagnosed and 69 retreated cases, respectively 5.9% (6/102) and 33.3% (23/69) were multidrug-resistant. rpoB mutations were found in 100% (31/31) of the RMP-resistant isolates, the most common being S531L in 74.2% (23/31); katG315 mutations were found in 79.6% (35/44) of the INH-resistant isolates; however, no mabA–inhA (−15) mutation was found; rpsL mutations were found in 48.9% (24/49) of the SM-resistant isolates, and codon 43 mutation were found in 42.5% (21/49).

CONCLUSIONS: This study characterises drug resistance-associated mutations in M. tuberculosis, information that could be used for the rapid screening of drug-resistant TB.

Keywords: katG; mabA-inhA; multidrug resistance; rpoB; rpsL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.12.0319

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India 2: Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Publication date: February 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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