Free Content Comparison of specificities between two interferon-gamma release assays in Japan [Short communication]

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Abstract:

We compared the specificities of two interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), T-SPOT®.TB (T-SPOT) and the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay, in strictly selected subjects with a low risk of tuberculosis (TB) infection in a Japanese population. Of 111 subjects who were mostly bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccinated, one was positive using both assays and 110 were negative, using international cut-off values. Although several meta-analyses report that QFT-GIT has higher specificity than T-SPOT, our study demonstrates that the specificity of both assays is equally high in a population with a truly low risk of TB infection.

Keywords: IGRAs; specificity; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.11.0829

Affiliations: 1: Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association, Tokyo, Japan 2: Chiba University Hospital, Chiba, Japan; and National Hospital Organization Chiba-East Hospital, Chiba, Japan 3: Chiba University Hospital, Chiba, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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