Dairy food, calcium and vitamin D intake and prevalence of allergic disorders in pregnant Japanese women
SETTING: Epidemiological evidence for the associations between intake of dairy products, calcium and vitamin D and allergic disorders has been inconsistent.
OBJECTIVES: To examine such associations in Japan.
DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1745 pregnant women. The
definitions of wheeze and asthma were based on European Community Respiratory Health Survey criteria, whereas those of eczema and rhinoconjunctivitis were based on International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood criteria. Information on dietary factors was collected using a validated
self-administered diet history questionnaire.
RESULTS: Intake of total dairy products, milk, yoghurt, cheese and calcium was not related to the prevalence of wheeze, asthma, eczema or rhinoconjunctivitis. After adjustment for potential confounders, vitamin D intake was found to be independently
positively associated with the prevalence of asthma: the adjusted ORs for asthma in the first, second, third and fourth quartiles were respectively 1.00 (reference), 1.26 (95%CI 0.65–2.50), 2.08 (95%CI 1.13–3.94), and 1.82 (95%CI 0.97–3.51, P for trend = 0.03). There
were no relationships between vitamin D consumption and the prevalence of wheeze, eczema or rhinoconjunctivitis.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that vitamin D intake may be positively related to the prevalence of asthma in young adult Japanese women.
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Field Science for Health and Recreation, Faculty of Tourism Sciences and Industrial Management, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Publication date: February 1, 2012
More about this publication?
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites