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Free Content Global isoniazid resistance patterns in rifampin-resistant and rifampin-susceptible tuberculosis [Short communication]

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Following the World Health Organization's endorsement of the Xpert® MTB/RIF assay, which rapidly and simultaneously diagnoses tuberculosis (TB) and detects resistance to rifampin (RMP), the question arises to what extent RMP resistance is an adequate marker for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). A retrospective analysis of data from >81 countries and subnational settings demonstrated that >40% of RMP-resistant isolates from new TB cases did not display resistance to isoniazid (INH) in settings with relatively low MDR-TB prevalence (one third of all countries and subnational settings). Results indicated the need for INH susceptibility testing in addition to RMP susceptibility testing.

Keywords: Xpert® MTB/RIF assay; rifampin resistance; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.11.0445

Affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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