Skip to main content

Free Content Waterpipe tobacco use among Iranian university students: correlates and perceived reasons for use

Download Article:
(PDF 229.3 kb)


SETTING: Waterpipe smoking is becoming a global health crisis among youth.

OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of waterpipe use among Iranian university students and to explore perceived reasons for use.

METHODS: A random sample of 1024 university students at two major universities in South Iran was enrolled in the study. A three-part questionnaire (baseline data, tobacco smoking status and perceived reasons for waterpipe use) was used. Students filled out the self-administered questionnaire in their classrooms.

RESULTS: The prevalence of waterpipe smoking in the respondents' lifetime and in the last 30 days was 42.5% and 18.7%, respectively. The mean age at initiation of waterpipe smoking was 16.3 ± 3.2 years. Ever smoking was positively associated with age and male sex, whereas no association was found regarding marital status. The highest odds of lifetime waterpipe smoking were observed in students with close friends who smoked the waterpipe (5.94, 95%CI 4.26–8.30). The most important perceived reason for waterpipe smoking as stated by students was enjoyment (55.8%).

CONCLUSION: Given the alarming prevalence of waterpipe smoking, preventive measures should be adopted among university students taking into account the influence of peers, siblings and parents in the lessening social tolerance of waterpipe smoking.

Keywords: Iran; prevalence; tobacco; university students; waterpipe

Document Type: Regular Paper


Affiliations: 1: Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran 2: Kerman Neuroscience Research Centre, Kerman, Iran 3: Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more
Real Time Web Analytics