Detection of tuberculosis using artus® M. tuberculosis PCR Kit and COBAS® AMPLICOR™ Mycobacterium tuberculosis Test
Abstract:SETTING: Nucleic acid amplification tests can detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex rapidly and reliably.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic performance of the artus® M. tuberculosis PCR Kit and COBAS® AMPLICOR™ Mycobacterium tuberculosis Test. In the artus assay, an appropriate cycle threshold (Ct) value was determined for positivity.
DESIGN: A total of 238 clinical respiratory specimens were analysed using both the artus and COBAS AMPLICOR assays. In 221 specimens, these results were further compared with culture results.
RESULTS: The overall agreement between artus and COBAS AMPLICOR was 96.2% (229/238). Among the nine (3.8%) discrepant specimens, three (1.3%) were artus-positive and COBAS AMPLICOR-negative, while the other six (2.5%) were artus-negative and COBAS AMPLICOR-positive. Using culture as a standard, the sensitivity and specificity of the artus assay were 97.8% and 85.1%, and those of COBAS AMPLICOR assay were 100% and 86.2%, respectively. The difference was not statistically significant. In the artus assay, the minimum Ct value for the positivity determination was 38.
CONCLUSION: The artus and COBAS AMPLICOR assays showed comparable diagnostic performance and can be confidently used for detection of M. tuberculosis complex. In the artus assay, a Ct value of 38 could be suggested as an appropriate cut-off value.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 2: Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 3: Green Cross Reference Laboratory, Gyunggi, Korea
Publication date: June 1, 2011
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
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