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Free Content Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Brazil: mortality and hospitalization trends and rates, 1996–2008

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SETTING: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death among adults in Brazil.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mortality and hospitalisation trends in Brazil caused by COPD during the period 1996–2008.

DESIGN: We used the health official statistics system to obtain data about mortality (1996–2008) and morbidity (1998–2008) due to COPD and all respiratory diseases (tuberculosis: codes A15–16; lung cancer: code C34, and all diseases coded from J40 to 47 in the 10th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases) as the underlying cause, in persons aged 45–74 years. We used the Joinpoint Regression Program log-linear model using Poisson regression that creates a Monte Carlo permutation test to identify points where trend lines change significantly in magnitude/direction to verify peaks and trends.

RESULTS: The annual per cent change in age-adjusted death rates due to COPD declined by 2.7% in men (95%CI −3.6 to −1.8) and −2.0% (95%CI −2.9 to −1.0) in women; and due to all respiratory causes it declined by −1.7% (95%CI 2.4 to −1.0) in men and −1.1% (95%CI −1.8 to −0.3) in women. Although hospitalisation rates for COPD are declining, the hospital admission fatality rate increased in both sexes.

CONCLUSION: COPD is still a leading cause of mortality in Brazil despite the observed decline in the mortality/hospitalisation rates for both sexes.

Keywords: Brazil; COPD; epidemiology; hospitalisation; mortality

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; and Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Coari, Amazonas, Brazil 2: School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; and Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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