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Free Content Reduction of contamination of mycobacterial growth indicator tubes using increased PANTA concentration [Short communication]

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We assessed the effect of a double concentration of supplemental polymyxin B, amphotericin B, nalidixic acid, trimethoprim and azlocillin (PANTA) added to the Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) on contamination and positivity rates in 216 sputum cultures. Contamination rates were respectively 12.9% and 5.5% for samples processed using standard and double PANTA concentrations (P = 0.0001, McNemar's test). Thirty-five per cent of cultures performed using standard PANTA and 36.5% of those performed using two-fold PANTA concentrations were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, compared to 25.9% of cultures inoculated on Ogawa medium. These results suggest that the use of MGIT with 2× PANTA may be useful in reducing culture contamination without reducing the diagnostic yield.

Keywords: MGIT medium; PANTA; culture contamination rate; diagnosis; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Center for Infectious Diseases, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil 2: University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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