Reduction of contamination of mycobacterial growth indicator tubes using increased PANTA concentration [Short communication]
Abstract:We assessed the effect of a double concentration of supplemental polymyxin B, amphotericin B, nalidixic acid, trimethoprim and azlocillin (PANTA) added to the Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) on contamination and positivity rates in 216 sputum cultures. Contamination rates were respectively 12.9% and 5.5% for samples processed using standard and double PANTA concentrations (P = 0.0001, McNemar's test). Thirty-five per cent of cultures performed using standard PANTA and 36.5% of those performed using two-fold PANTA concentrations were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, compared to 25.9% of cultures inoculated on Ogawa medium. These results suggest that the use of MGIT with 2× PANTA may be useful in reducing culture contamination without reducing the diagnostic yield.
Document Type: Short Communication
Affiliations: 1: Center for Infectious Diseases, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil 2: University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Publication date: February 1, 2011
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