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Free Content Factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus testing among tuberculosis patients receiving treatment at health facilities in Uganda

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SETTING: One peri-urban and four rural districts in Uganda.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of and factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among tuberculosis (TB) patients.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five selected districts from August to November 2007. Patients aged ≥18 years returning for TB treatment refills at facilities offering TB and HIV services were included. Patients were excluded if they were very sick or unable to speak English or any of the local study languages. The outcome was self-reported HIV testing after TB diagnosis, validated using clinic registers.

RESULTS: Of 261 patients analysed, 169 (65%) had been tested for HIV following TB diagnosis. In a multivariate analysis, age >45 years (OR 0.27, 95%CI 0.08–0.87), not receiving information about the TB-HIV association (OR 0.35, 95%CI 0.15–0.77), not being offered HIV testing by health provider (OR 0.02, 95%CI 0.006–0.042), dissatisfaction with privacy (OR 2.49, 95%CI 1.11–5.55) and spending 30–60 min at the clinic (OR 4.48, 95%CI 1.66–12.10) significantly influenced level of HIV testing.

CONCLUSION: The level of HIV testing among TB patients was suboptimal, as per policy all patients should be tested. The Uganda Ministry of Health should continue to scale-up HIV testing and other collaborative TB-HIV services at health facilities.

Keywords: HIV testing; collaborative TB-HIV services; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda 2: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France 3: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France; and Makerere University School of Medicine, Kampala, Uganda

Publication date: 2010-07-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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