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Free Content Isolation of non-tuberculous mycobacteria from the sputum of patients with active tuberculosis [Short communication]

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We looked for non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in the sputum of patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Oregon in 2005–2006 (n = 141). Twenty (14%) patients had NTM isolated from sputum during TB treatment. Compared to those without NTM, TB patients with NTM were more likely to have cavitary disease (RR 2.7, 95%CI 1.2–6.0) and were more likely to be born in the United States (RR 2.4, 95%CI 1.1–5.3). Further study is needed to determine the clinical significance of simultaneous isolation of NTM and TB.

Keywords: Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare; atypical mycobacteria; pulmonary; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Providence Newberg Medical Center, Newberg, Oregon, USA; and Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA 2: Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, USA 3: Oregon Public Health Division, Department of Human Services, Portland, Oregon, USA

Publication date: 2010-05-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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