Association between breastfeeding and allergic disorders in Japanese children
Abstract:SETTING: Data on the association between breastfeeding and allergies are conflicting.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding and the prevalence of wheeze, asthma and eczema in young Japanese children.
DESIGN: Study subjects were 1957 children aged 3 years. Data on breastfeeding, allergic symptoms and potential confounders were collected using a questionnaire. Outcomes were defined according to the criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Adjustment was made for sex, number of siblings, household smoking, paternal and maternal history of asthma, atopic eczema and allergic rhinitis, and paternal and maternal educational levels.
RESULTS: The prevalence values of symptoms of wheeze, asthma and eczema in the previous 12 months were respectively 22.1%, 8.9% and 17.3%. Exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months vs. <4 months was associated with a lower prevalence of asthma. The duration of breastfeeding, regardless of exclusivity, for ≥6 months tended to be associated with a lower prevalence of asthma. There was no appreciable association between breastfeeding and wheeze or eczema.
CONCLUSIONS: Data from this study indicate that breastfeeding may be associated with a lower prevalence of asthma among young Japanese children.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan 2: Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Publication date: 2010-04-01
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites