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Free Content Subjective global assessment of nutritional status of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients on admission

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Identifying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with malnutrition is important to prevent associated mortality due to poor pulmonary function. There is currently no consensus regarding the application of the subjective global assessment (SGA) tool in Indian patients.

OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status using the SGA method in Indian COPD patients.

METHODS: A total of 106 hospitalised patients with COPD were included (mean age 55.58 ± 7.82, male/female = 92/14). Pulmonary function tests, anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests were conducted in all subjects. The association of SGA scores (A, B or C) and body mass index (BMI) groups with other biochemical parameters were tested for statistical significance.

RESULTS: Of the 106 patients, 83% were malnourished (BMI < 20 kg/m2). According to SGA scores, 17.0% were well nourished, 59.5% were moderately malnourished and 23.5% were severely malnourished. SGA scores correlated positively with pulmonary function parameters and negatively with anthropometric parameters. However, there was no correlation for biochemical parameters.

CONCLUSION: The SGA is a simple screening tool for the assessment of the nutritional status of COPD patients in India.

Keywords: COPD; SGA; lung function; malnutrition

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow, India 2: Department of Nutrition, Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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