Surveillance of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the state of Gujarat, India
METHODS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from a representative sample of new and previously treated smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) cases were subjected to drug susceptibility testing (DST) against first-line drugs at a World Health Organization supranational reference laboratory. Isolates found to have at least both isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RMP) resistance (i.e., multidrug-resistant TB [MDR-TB]) were subjected to second-line DST.
RESULTS: Of 1571 isolates from new patients, 1236 (78.7%) were susceptible to all first-line drugs, 173 (11%) had any INH resistance and MDR-TB was found in 37 (2.4%, 95%CI 1.6–3.1). Of 1047 isolates from previously treated patients, 564 (54%) were susceptible to all first-line drugs, 387 (37%) had any INH resistance and MDR-TB was found in 182 (17.4%, 95%CI 15.0–19.7%). Among 216 MDR-TB isolates, 52 (24%) were ofloxacin (OFX) resistant; seven cases of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) were found, all of whom were previously treated cases.
CONCLUSION: MDR-TB prevalence remains low among new TB patients in Gujarat, but is more common among previously treated patients. Among MDR-TB isolates, the alarmingly high prevalence of OFX resistance may threaten the success of the expanding efforts to treat and control MDR-TB.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India 2: Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Medical Services & Medical Education, Government of Gujarat, Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat State, India 3: Office of the World Health Organization India, New Delhi, India 4: Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India; and Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics, Geneva, Switzerland 5: Central TB Division, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi, India
Publication date: 2009-09-01
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