Asthma Insights and Reality in the Gulf and the Near East
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Data on the burden of asthma and the quality of asthma control in the Gulf and Near East (GNE) are scarce.
OBJECTIVE: To determine how closely asthma management guidelines are being followed in the GNE.
METHODS: The Asthma Insights and Reality in the GNE (AIRGNE) survey is based on information from 1000 patients with asthma in five countries: Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
RESULTS: Daytime asthma symptoms were reported by 68% of respondents, and 51% reported being woken up by asthma in the preceding 4 weeks. Use of health services in the last 12 months was high, with 23% having been hospitalised and 52% having attended the emergency department. Absence from school and work in the past year was reported by 52% of children and 30% of adults. The highest school absence was observed in Jordan and Lebanon (both 69%), and Jordan had the highest rate of absence from work among adults (46%). The use of peak expiratory flow was very low, and only 17% owned a meter. Overall, 66% of participants had never undergone a lung function test.
CONCLUSION: Current levels of asthma control in the GNE fall far short of the goals specified in guidelines for asthma management.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 2: University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 3: Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman 4: Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan 5: Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Centro Internacional de Medicina Respiratoria Avanzada, Bunyola, Spain 6: University of Balamand, El-Koura, Lebanon
Publication date: August 1, 2009
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