Free Content Analysis of care-seeking pathways of tuberculosis patients in Guangxi, China, with and without decentralised tuberculosis services

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Abstract:

SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) care has been decentralised to township hospitals in a rural, poor area of Guangxi, China, since 1 April 2005. Routine county-based TB care was provided in a comparable control area.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' care-seeking behaviours between the intervention and control groups.

METHODS: In February 2007, all 230 new pulmonary TB smear-positive patients registered in the intervention and control groups between 1 April 2005 and 31 July 2006 were approached; of these, 171 were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. Their patient records were reviewed to minimise recall bias.

RESULTS: Patients in the intervention group spent less for treating TB symptoms prior to TB diagnosis compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Travel costs were lower in the intervention than control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Diagnostic delays for patients in the intervention and control groups were respectively 26 and 38 days (t = −0.835, P> 0.05). Logistic regression suggested that visiting county general hospitals tended to prolong patient diagnostic delay and cost more before TB diagnosis.

CONCLUSION: Decentralising TB services to township hospitals brought TB care closer to rural patients, shortened TB patient care-seeking pathways and reduced costs before TB diagnosis.

Keywords: China; access; care pathway; decentralisation; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 2: Guangxi Provincial Health Bureau, Guangxi, China 3: Guangxi Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangxi, China

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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