Free Content Polymorphisms in CCL5 promoter are associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in northern Spain

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OBJECTIVE: To study whether two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms of the CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) gene could affect susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in a human immunodeficiency virus negative genetically homogeneous population, containing newly diagnosed patients with active disease.

DESIGN: Seventy-six patients with active pulmonary TB (PTB) and 157 healthy control subjects from Cantabria, northern Spain, were genotyped for the CCL5 -403G/A and -28C/G polymorphisms.

RESULTS: The frequency of the CCL5-403G/A and -28C/G promoter polymorphisms were significantly different between patients with active TB and control subjects. Three of the four possible haplotypes were also significantly different. The G/G-C/C diplotype was much more frequent in the healthy control group and the G/G-G/G and A/A-C/C diplotypes were more frequent in patients with PTB.

CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that CCL5 may play a role in conferring susceptibility to active PTB. Thus, the -403G and -28C alleles, either separately or combined in the G-C haplotype and the GG/CC diplotype, may be related to protection against PTB. By contrast, the -403A and -28G alleles, the G-G or A-C haplotypes and the G/G-G/G and A/A-C/C diplotypes may confer susceptibility to PTB.

Keywords: CCL chemokine; allele; polymorphism; pulmonary tuberculosis; susceptibility

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Immunology Service, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario ‘Marqués de Valdecilla’, Santander, Spain 2: Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario ‘Marqués de Valdecilla’, Santander, Spain

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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