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Free Content Inclusion of information on risk factors, socio-economic status and health seeking in a tuberculosis prevalence survey [Educational series. Serialised guidelines. Assessing tuberculosis prevalence through population-based surveys. Number 6 in the series]

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Data on socio-economic status, exposure to risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and previous health-seeking for TB may be included in a TB prevalence survey to gain better knowledge about the distribution of TB in the population as well as a better understanding of what factors are driving the TB epidemic in a given setting. This article provides an overview of how such additional information may be collected. The article highlights the need to carefully consider the risk of jeopardising the quality of the overall survey by overburdening it with additional data collection, and concludes that additional time and resources for planning, training, logistics and supervision are required to safeguard quality. The article also discusses special considerations regarding sampling, sample size and data interpretation when including such information in a TB prevalence survey.
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Keywords: health-seeking; prevalence survey; risk factors; socio-economic status; tuberculosis

Document Type: Invited Paper

Affiliations: 1: Stop Tuberculosis Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland 2: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 3: KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, The Netherlands; and Centre for Infection and Immunity, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 4: Tropical Disease Foundation, Manila, The Philippines 5: KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, The Netherlands

Publication date: 2009-02-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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