Free Content Laboratory features for presumptive diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients [Short communication]

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Rapid diagnosis is crucial for adequate treatment of disseminated mycobacteriosis. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify clinical and laboratorial features of disseminated mycobacteriosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients that could help to differentiate tuberculosis (TB) from non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease. All patients diagnosed from 1996 to 2006 were reviewed. TB was diagnosed in 65 patients and NTM in 31. Patients with TB had higher median levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (69.0 vs. 45.0, P = 0.02) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (725.0 vs. 569.0, P = 0.03). AST and LDH may be valuable tools in differentiating disseminated TB from NTM in HIV-infected patients.

Keywords: AIDS; mycobacteria; non-tuberculous mycobacteria; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Section of Infectious Diseases, Hospital de ClĂ­nicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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