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Free Content Smoking, HIV and non-fatal tuberculosis in an urban African population [Short Communication]

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Most previous studies on smoking and tuberculosis (TB) have not considered the role of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and very few have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a case-control study on smoking and TB in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Men aged 18–65 years with TB (n = 72) were compared to men with no history of TB (n = 81). Forty-three per cent of cases smoked vs. 25% of controls (OR 2.3, adjusted for age, education and self-reported HIV status). Given that HIV appears to increase TB transmission in Africa, our finding that smoking also increases the risk of TB in Africa is of special concern.
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Keywords: Addis Ababa; Ethiopia; HIV; risk factors; smoking; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Center for Global Health Research, St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 2: St Peter's Tuberculosis Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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