Free Content Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Galicia, Spain, 1996–2005

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Abstract:

SETTING: Galicia, Spain.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological evolution and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Galicia over a 10-year period from 1996 to 2005.

DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted, based on data obtained from the Galicia Tuberculosis Registry.

RESULTS: The incidence of TB in Galicia fell from 72.3 cases per 100000 population in 1996 to 37.7/100000 in 2005, resulting in an average annual decrease of 7.0%. In 2005, 51.6% of cases were aged 15–44 years, 61.6% were men, and 59.2% were exclusively pulmonary. No cavitary lesions were found in 63.4%; 50.3% of pulmonary TB cases were sputum smear-positive, and a positive culture was found in 77.3%; 4.4% were human immunodeficiency virus positive, 3.5% were drug users and 3% were immigrants. At least one contact was studied in 80% of smear-positive index cases. The treatment success rate was close to 90%.

CONCLUSIONS: The annual incidence of TB in Galicia has fallen progressively since the TB programme was implemented; it is nevertheless still higher than in other regions of Spain and neighbouring countries, and greater progress in TB control needs to be made.

Keywords: epidemiology; evolution; programme; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Galicia Programme for the Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis, Government of Galicia, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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