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Free Content The prevalence of tuberculosis in different economic strata: a community survey from South India [Short Communication]

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A cross-sectional socio-economic survey to assess the standard of living index (SLI) of a rural population in South India was undertaken along with a tuberculosis (TB) prevalence survey during 2004–2006. Of 32780 households, the SLI was low, medium and high in 22%, 36% and 42%, and TB prevalence was 343, 169 and 92 per 100000 population, respectively, a significant decrease in trend (P < 0.001); 57% of the TB patients had a low SLI and the prevalence of TB was higher amongst the landless (P < 0.001), those living below the poverty line (P < 0.01) and in katcha houses (P < 0.001), suggesting that TB disproportionately affects those with a low SLI.

Keywords: economic strata; poverty; prevalence; standard of living index; tuberculosis programme

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India 2: World Health Organization, New Delhi, India

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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