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Free Content The role of surgery and fluoroquinolones in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

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SETTING: Although modern tuberculosis treatment relies on chemotherapy, surgery is accepted as adjuvant treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of resectional surgery and fluoroquinolones on long-term treatment success and survival in a large group of MDR-TB cases.

DESIGN: A total of 252 patients with MDR-TB were included in this retrospective cohort study. Multiple logistic regression was used to determine independent predictive factors for long-term treatment success, and survival analyses were done based on different treatment approaches with or without surgery.

RESULTS: The mean age of the study cohort was 37.9 ± 12.5 years; 204 (80%) were males. Long-term treatment success was associated with resistance to fewer drugs, female sex, younger age and limited disease. Sixty-six patients (26.2%) had undergone resectional surgery after 2–16 months of treatment. The highest long-term treatment success and survival rates were achieved in patients who both received fluoroquinolones and underwent surgery (P = 0.001 vs. other groups).

CONCLUSION: Although the treatment success rate was higher in patients treated with surgery and fluoroquinolones compared to other groups, an additional significant benefit from surgery could not be demonstrated. Larger scale studies are needed to clarify this issue.

Keywords: fluoroquinolone; multidrug resistance; surgery; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Süreyyapaşa Centre for Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey 2: Department of Thoracic Surgery, Süreyyapaşa Centre for Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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